tendon definition biology

In biology, a tissue is a group of cells and their extracellular matrix that share the same embryonic origin and perform a similar function. Tendons help form a connection between soft contracting muscle cells to hard bone cells. : a fusiform muscle of the posterior and inner part of the thigh that arises from the ischial tuberosity along with the biceps femoris, that is inserted by a long round tendon which forms part of the inner hamstring into the inner surface of the upper part of the shaft of the tibia, and that acts to flex the leg and rotate it medially and to extend the thigh Tendons Tendons connect muscles to bones. Find more ways to say tendon, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. Tendons are extremely tough and are seldom torn, even when an injury is severe enough to break a bone or tear a muscle. Muscle tissues are made up of cells called muscle fibers (see the figure).Each muscle fiber contains many myofibrils — the parts of the muscle fiber that contract. Structure of … Learn more. Tendons may become inflamed, or may be torn or cut. ... hamstring tendon . See more. Epimysium (plural epimysia) (Greek epi-for on, upon, or above + Greek mys for muscle) is the fibrous tissue envelope that surrounds skeletal muscle. Tendon is a band of tough, fibrous, inelastic tissue that connects a muscle to a bone. Tendons have the highest tensile strength among other soft tissues in the body. It may go away in just a few days with rest and physical therapy. Tendons are situated between bone and muscles and are bright white in colour, their fibro-elastic composition gives them the strength require to transmit large mechanical forces. The simplest answer is that a tendon connects skeletal muscles to bones. The other major structural tissues are cartilage and bone, which, like connective tissues proper, consist of cells embedded in an intercellular matrix. Medical Definition of tendon : a tough cord or band of dense white fibrous connective tissue that unites a muscle with some other part, transmits the force which the muscle exerts, and is continuous with the connective-tissue epimysium and perimysium of the muscle and when inserted into a bone with the periosteum of the bone A cord or band of inelastic tissue connecting a muscle with its bony attachment.A type of connective tissue consisting of collagen fibres that connects muscle fibres to the skeletal structure of an organism. Tendons can be found at the end of the skeletal muscles. As the name implies, connective tissue serves a connecting function: It supports and binds other tissues in the body. Full article >>> achilles tendon ... a strong cord joining a muscle to a bone etc He has damaged a tendon in his leg. The smallest component of a tendon is a collagen fibril. tendon meaning: 1. a strong piece of tissue in the body connecting a muscle to a bone 2. a strong piece of tissue…. tendon. In cartilage the matrix is firm but rubbery; in bone the matrix is rigid, being impregnated by hard crystals of inorganic salts. A tendon is a band of dense fibrous connective tissue that is attached to the muscle through the myotendinous junction and to the bone through the enthesis, a complex structure with four zones forming a gradient from type I collagen to fibrocartilage and cartilage and, … damaged ankle ligaments Examples from the Corpus ligament • An arm came loose and fell off, revealing scrunched up newsprint where there should have been ligament, bone and muscle. tendon [ten´don] a cord or band of strong white fibrous tissue that connects a muscle to a bone. Tendons and ligaments are examples of extremely strong connective tissues proper. Muscles are how we move and live. The myofibrils line up right next to each other, giving muscles a striped, or striated, appearance. This tissue is tougher and less flexible for tendons and stringier and more elastic for ligaments. Regular exercise will help to strengthen your muscles. Muscles hold your skeleton together. a band of strong material in your body, similar to muscle, that joins bones or holds an organ in its place → tendon He tore a ligament in his left knee. Tendons are often provided with sheaths in which they move smoothly, lubricated by a fluid secreted by the sheath lining. Multiple tissues then form organs. Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary (Science: anatomy) A fibrous, strong, connective tissue that connects muscle to bone. STR Polymorphisms Most of our DNA is identical to DNA of others. ... Cardiac Muscle - This is a special muscle that pumps our heart and blood through our body. When the muscle contracts it pulls on the tendon, which moves the bone. Tendons are thick bands of tissue that connect muscle s to bones. A tendon is a tough cord of dense white fibrous connective tissue, which unites muscles with a bone, transmitting the forces exerted by muscles to the bone. Definition of tendon from the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary with audio pronunciations, thesaurus, Word of the Day, and word games. A band of tough, inelastic fibrous tissue that connects a muscle with its bony attachment. A tendon (or sinew) is a tough band of fibrous connective tissue that connects muscle to bone, or muscle to muscle and is designed to withstand tension. The study of animal tissues is called histology, or histopathology when it is concerned with diseases. Tendons and muscles work together. It is a layer of dense irregular connective tissue which ensheaths the entire muscle and protects muscles from friction against other muscles and bones. By connecting our rigid bones to our powerful muscles, tendons allow us to move. As the tendon runs from a very compliant tissue (the muscle) to a ridged stiff one (the bone), this role can become very difficult, this can result in strain concentrated at the site of merging tissues. American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. The tendons’ main role is to transmit forces from the muscle to the bone and absorbs external forces to prevent injury to the muscle. This can be a common site of injury. Both tendons and ligaments are fibrous tissues designed to connect parts of your body. Muscular System. A tendon (or sinew) is a tough band of fibrous connective tissue that usually connects muscle to bone and is capable of withstanding tension. 2 0 It is a brief extension of the limb at the knee-joint, due to a simple contraction of the extensor muscle, elicited by a tap or other short mechanical stimulus applied to the muscle fibres through the tendon of the muscle. The Achilles tendon is a tough band of fibrous tissue that connects the calf muscles to the heel bone (calcaneus). They can only create a pulling force.. Anatomy. muscle fiber synonyms, muscle fiber pronunciation, muscle fiber translation, English dictionary definition of muscle fiber. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Tendon. Unlike epithelial tissue, which has cells that are closely packed together, connective tissue typically has cells scattered throughout an extracellular matrix of fibrous proteins and glycoproteins attached to a basement membrane. Tendon definition: A tendon is a strong cord in a person's or animal's body which joins a muscle to a bone. Ligaments join one bone to another bone, while tendons connect muscle to bone.Tendons are somewhat flexible, but tough. Blackett Family DNA Activity 2 What is a Short Tandem Repeat Polymorphism (STR)? However, both tendons and ligaments require some degree of flexibility to accommodate movement; rigid tendons and ligaments would prevent basic body movements. A sprain is an injury that affects a ligament. A collagen fibril is a group of interconnected collagen strands that are bound together. tendon. Structure. The beginning of a tendon is where it connects to a muscle. Another word for tendon. Tendonosis is different and more serious than tendonitis.Tendonitis is acute (short-term) inflammation in the tendons. [Medieval Latin tendō, tendōn-, alteration (influenced by Latin tendere, to stretch) of Greek tenōn; see ten- in Indo-European roots .] muscle biology definition in English dictionary, muscle biology meaning, synonyms, see also 'muscle fibre',muscle sense',muscle sense',pectoral muscle'. The laceration of a tendon can result in the inability to flex or extend at a joint. Biology for Kids. The study of plant tissues is called plant anatomy. The ligaments and tendons at the ends of your muscles wrap around joints, holding them together. Each muscle has two tendons, one proximally and one distally. It is broken down into many fields, reflecting the complexity of life from the atoms and molecules of biochemistry to the Biology Dictionary provides definition, examples and quiz for common biology terms, including molecular biology, cell biology, genetics, ecology and more! Biology is the study of living things. Tendons are made chiefly of collagen. The tendon is the tissue that connects muscle to bone. Define muscle fiber. The point at which the tendon forms attachment to the muscle is also known as the musculotendinous junction (MTJ) and the point at which it attaches to the bone is known as the osteotendi… From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English muscle mus‧cle 1 / ˈmʌs ə l / S2 W3 noun 1 [countable, uncountable] HB one of the pieces of flesh inside your body that you use in order to move, and that connect your bones together Relax your stomach muscles, then stretch again. Movement occurs when our muscles pull on our bones, relocating them. As is generally the case in science, however, the story of the tendon requires a few more chapters than that. A tendon (or sinew) is a tough band of tissue that connects muscle to bone.It is built to withstand tension.Tendons are similar to ligaments except that ligaments join one bone to another. A ligament is connective tissue joining bones together. [>>>] tendons Bundles of connective tissue that link muscle to bone. A strong band of COLLAGEN fibres that joins muscle to bone or cartilage and transmits the force of muscle contraction to cause movement. When a tendon becomes inflamed, the condition is referred to as tendonitis. The Achilles tendon is also called the calcaneal tendon. Tendon definition, a cord or band of dense, tough, inelastic, white, fibrous tissue, serving to connect a muscle with a bone or part; sinew. The structure of tendons can be divided into six major areas. Tendons can have several shapes ranging from wide and flat, ribbon and fan shaped. All movement in the body is controlled by muscles. ALR, Anterior lateral rod or tendon. The heel bone tendon definition biology calcaneus ) vocabulary with the English Language, Fifth Edition simplest. Muscles wrap around joints, holding them together of animal tissues is called histology, or may be or... Of tough, fibrous, strong, connective tissue which ensheaths the entire muscle and muscles... 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